The policy required non-Mexicans seeking asylum to stay in Mexico while moving through their court proceedings in the United States.
Explore population estimates for undocumented immigrants in the United States from 1969 to 2022.
Based on the most recent data available, the Migration Policy Institute provided demographic estimates for the American undocumented immigrant population, including country of birth, school enrollment, and employment, among other categories.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) made more than 74,000 administrative immigration arrests in fiscal year 2021, down from over 100,000 yearly under the Trump administration.
Fiscal Year (FY) 2020, October 1, 2019 through September 30, 2020, saw the highest number of illegal border crossings since at least 1960, when the government began tracking the crossings.
The Trump Administration policy, called Title 42 and used to turn away about 100,000 migrants at the southern border, will remain in place during the pandemic.
On July 16, 2021, US District Judge Andrew Hanen of the Southern District of Texas ruled DACA was illegal and put a hold on all new applications. Existing enrollees were allowed to remain in the program while the ruling allowed time for the government to consider changes to the program and continue litigation. President Biden has said the federal government will appeal the ruling, which is at odds with a Dec. 2020 federal ruling that required the federal government to process new applications.
The Trump administration held that the federal government should be able to withhold funds from sanctuary cities for their non-compliance with federal laws. The Biden administration reversed that policy.
The policy required the prosecution of all adults crossing the southern border illegally, which resulted in children being held separately from their parents in detention centers.
In several executive orders issued on inauguration day (Jan. 20, 2021), Biden:
- Paused most deportations for 100 days
- Revoked travel bans from primarily muslim and African Countries
- Ordered census to count all residents, including undocumented immigrants
- Ended declaration of emergency at US southern border and halted border wall construction
- Extended DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) protections
US District Court Judge Judge Nicholas Garaufis ordered the Trump administration to restore DACA to the terms “prior to the attempted rescission of September 2017,” and to reinstate two-year permits.
Critics say the test is now unnecessarily difficult, requires a higher level of English fluency, and accuse the administration of limiting citizenship for political reasons.
Colorado and Florida voters passed Amendment 76 and Amendment 1 respectively to amend the state constitutions to include a citizenship requirement for voting. Both constitutions are expected to be amended to state that “only a citizen” who is 18 years of age or older may vote.
Online naturalization application fees will increase from $640 to $1,160, and the US will join only three other countries (Australia, Fiji, and Iran) that charge a fee for asylum seekers with a $50 charge.
On June 18, 2020, the Supreme Court ruled that the Trump administration had not given adequate justification for ending the program, leaving DACA in place. Chief Justice John Roberts wrote in the opinion, “The dispute before the Court is not whether [Department of Homeland Security] may rescind DACA. All parties agree that it may. The dispute is instead primarily about the procedure the agency followed in doing so.”
The Supreme Court declined to review United States v. California, No. 19-532. As a result, the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruling stands, allowing California’s sanctuary policy to remain in effect.
There were an estimated 10.5 million undocumented immigrants in the US in 2017 (the most current numbers), down from the 10.7 million estimated in 2016, continuing a downward trend that started in 2011.
Illegal border crossings from Canada to the United States increased from 558 people in 2016 to 1,586 people in 2019.
The Apr. 30 ruling contradicts a different appeals court ruling in February, setting the stage for a possible Supreme Court case. President Trump on Wednesday stated that he doesn’t want to provide COVID-19 aid to states or cities with sanctuary policies.
According to federal guidance and the CARES Act, student federal aid may not be distributed to undocumented students; undocumented immigrants will not receive stimulus checks; and US citizens who are married to and file taxes jointly with an undocumented immigrant will not receive stimulus checks for themselves or their children.
The executive order was still being drafted but is expected to suspend new green cards and work visas.
The Trump administration has made a variety changes from travel restrictions to closing immigration courts in response to the virus.
In light of this new development, explore the pros and cons of sanctuary jurisdiction polices.
– New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy signed a bill on Dec. 19, 2019 that will create two types of driver’s licenses, one will be the federally compliant REAL ID and the other will be a Standard Basic ID that will be available to all New Jersey residents regardless of immigration status.
A Nov. 2019 study linked fear of deportation to high blood pressure in immigrant women.
On Nov. 12, 2019, the Supreme Court heard arguments related to the Trump administration’s efforts to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which offers temporary protection from deportation to unauthorized immigrants brought to the United States as children.
Learn about the presidential candidates’ views on important issues, compare them with a side-by-side chart, find your best match with a fun quiz, track their finances, and so much more on our 2020 Presidential Election website. The New York Times called our previous presidential election site “The most comprehensive tool for researching the candidate’s stance on issues.” Check back monthly for expanded issue coverage.
Beginning in 2020, California will allow low-income undocumented immigrants between 19-and-25 years old to access healthcare through Medicaid.
The US Supreme Court ruled on June 21, 2019 that an undocumented immigrant has to be aware of their immigration status in order to be convicted of “possessing firearms as an alien unlawfully in the United States.”
New York joins states including California, Hawaii, and Washington in issuing driver’s licenses to undocumented immigrants, though New York’s law has an added emphasis on privacy.
The United States and Mexico signed a joint deal on June 7, 2019 declaring in part that Mexico will increase immigration enforcement throughout the country and in particular along Mexico’s southern border.
Explore this debate with quotes from Professor Barry Latzer (pro), news organization The Marshall Project (con), Professor John Lott (pro), Houston Police Chief Art Acevedo (con), Center for Immigration Studies Research Director Steven Camarota (pro), and Professor Aaron J. Chalfin (con).
Our new topic explores the pros and cons in the debate over making birth control pills available over-the-counter (OTC). 9.1 million women (12.6% of contraceptive users) use birth control pills, which are the second-most commonly used method of contraception in the United States. Proponents say making the birth control pill available over-the-counter would lower teen pregnancy rates, provide contraceptive access to medically underserved women, and ease access to a health-improving drug with decades of safe use. Opponents say making the Pill over-the-counter would raise the cost of contraception for women, pose a danger to teens’ and women’s health by removing the doctor’s visit requirement, and limit what options are made available.
Our new website presents the top pro & con arguments and quotes, a history of the debate, a video gallery, the prescription status of birth control pills around the world, and a list of drugs switched from prescription to OTC status.
The most recently available data show that about half of undocumented immigrants in the United States are from Mexico and 20.6% reside in California. The most popular occupations are maids/cleaners and construction laborers. Explore more about the countries of origin, states of residence, jobs, gender, and ages of undocumented immigrants.
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We’re excited to announce 50 free lesson plan ideas for educators! Visit our Teachers’ Corner for inspiration, including lessons plans about distinguishing fact from opinion, how to write a “call-to-action” letter, and content from our partner Credo Reference.
In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court upheld President Trump’s travel ban as a national security measure. The Court simultaneously overruled the 1944 Korematsu v. US ruling that justified the detention of Japanese Americans during World War II.
Explore this topic with quotes from KPCC immigration reporter Leslie Berestein Rojas, the US Department of Homeland Security, and Wake Forest University law professor Margaret H. Taylor
Examine both sides of this debate with quotes from Attorney General Jeff Sessions (pro), the National League of Cities (con), Sheriff Mike Borkovich (pro), former Sheriff Steve Keane (con), FAIR (pro), and Professor Emeritus Doris Marie Provine (con).
View both sides of this topic with quotes from undocumented immigrant advocate Jose Antonio Vargas (pro), President Donald J. Trump (con), City Attorney of San Francisco Dennis Herrera (pro), US Representative John Culberson (con), former Assistant Secretary for Border, Immigration, and Trade Policy for the Department of Homeland Security Seth M. Stodder (pro) and the National Review Editorial Board (con).
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in 2017 that immigrants should get bond hearings after being detained for six months. Prior to the ruling, immigrants – both legal and undocumented – could be held in detention until their cases were resolved, no matter how long that took. The Supreme Court in its Feb. 2018 decision ruled that detained immigrants are not entitled to periodic bond hearings.
Explore both sides of the debate with quotes from the Mountain Minutemen (pro), Arizona Sheriff Tony Estrada (con), Founder of 3UP armed patrol group Mike Morris (pro), Southern Poverty Law Center Senior Fellow Mark Potok (con), US Border Patrol Local 2544 union (pro), and President George W. Bush (con).
Explore the birthright citizenship debate with quotes from Alex Nowrasteh, policy analyst at the Cato Institute (pro), Representative Steve King (con), the Los Angeles Times Editorial Board (pro), and radio host Rush Limbaugh (con), among others.
Governor Jerry Brown signed legislation limiting state and local law enforcement compliance with federal immigration agents’ requests.
Citizens of Chad, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, Venezuela and Yemen will now face new travel restrictions in addition to the original list of countries (with the exception of Sudan, which was removed).
Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced an end to the program, with a 6-month grace period for current DACA enrollees.
Explore quotes on both sides of this debate from experts and organizations such as Senator Chuck Grassley (pro), Cato Institute Policy Analyst Alex Nowrasteh (con), US Representative Leonard Lance (pro), the Catholic Legal Immigration Network (con), the US Chamber of Commerce (pro), and the American Farm Bureau Federation (con)
Explore quotes from experts such as Ilya Solmin, Professor of Law at George Mason University; Matthew Green, News Education Manager at KQED; Rachel Stockman, Editor-in-Chief of LawNewz; and Robert Longley, writer and editor of usgovinfo.about.com.
The undocumented immigrant population in the United States grew from 540,000 in 1969 to 11.78 million in 2007 (the peak) to 11.3 million in 2016. See graphs, charts, reports, and sources about the roughly 3.5% of the total US population who live here illegally.
Explore both sides of this debate via quotes from politicians such as Representatives Pete King (pro) and Nancy Pelosi (con), journalists such as Daniel Horowitz (pro) and the Los Angeles Times Editorial Board (con), and experts such as former Homeland Security official Matt Mayer (pro) and wildlife biologist Jeff Corwin (con).