Demographics of Immigrants in the United States Illegally

Countries of Origin, States of Residence, Jobs Held, Age, and Gender


I. Top 10 Countries of Origin
II. Top 10 States of Residence
III. Top 25 Jobs Held
IV. Distribution by Age and Gender

Farm Workers near Bakersfield, California
Farm Workers near Bakersfield, California
Source: Victor Davis Hanson, "Incoherent Immigration Reform," nationalreview.com, Feb. 7, 2013.
Who are the immigrants in the United States illegally? Where do they come from? In which states do they settle? What jobs do they hold?

As of 2016, the population of undocumented immigrants in the United States is estimated to be 10.7 million, roughly 3.3% of the entire US population. 50.9% of undocumented immigrants were from Mexico, and 20.6% of all undocumented immigrants resided in California. As of 2012, 53% of undocumented immigrants were male. In 2016, approximately 31% of workers in the roofing industry and 24% of maids/housekeepers were undocumented immigrants.


I. Top 10 Countries of Origin (2000-2016) of Immigrants Living in the United States Illegally
Top 10 Countries of Origin 2016


Top 10 Countries of Origin, 2000-2016
2000
Country Population
1. Mexico 4,680,000
2. El Salvador 430,000
3. Guatemala 290,000
4. Philippines 200,000
5. China 190,000
6. Korea 180,000
7. Honduras 160,000
8. India 120,000
9. Ecuador 110,000
10. Brazil 100,000
All Countries 8,460,000


2008
Country Population
1. Mexico 7,030,000
2. El Salvador 570,000
3. Guatemala 430,000
4. Philippines 300,000
4. Honduras 300,000
6. Korea 240,000
7. China 220,000
8. Brazil 180,000
9. Ecuador 170,000
10. India 160,000
All Countries 11,600,000


2012
Country Population
1. Mexico 6,720,000
2. El Salvador 690,000
3. Guatemala 560,000
4. Honduras 360,000
5. Philippines 310,000
6. India 260,000
7. Korea 230,000
8. China 210,000
9. Ecuador 170,000
10. Vietnam 160,000
All Countries 11,430,000


2016
Country Population
1. Mexico 5,450,000
2. El Salvador 725,000
3. Guatemala 575,000
4. India 475,000
5. Honduras 425,000
6. China 325,000
7. Dominican Republic 210,000
8. Philippines 140,000
9. Brazil 130,000
9. Korea 130,000
All Countries 10,700,000



Sources:

1. Bryan Baker and Nancy Rytina, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012," dhs.gov, Mar. 2013

2. Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Bryan C. Baker, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008," dhs.gov, Feb. 2009

3. Jeffrey S. Passel and D'Vera Cohn, "U.S. Unauthorized Immigrant Total Dips to Lowest Level in a Decade," pewhispanic.org, Nov. 27, 2018



II. Top 10 States of Residence (2000-2016) of Undocumented Immigrants
Top 10 States of Residence 2016


Top 10 States of Residence, 2000-2016
2000
Country Population
1. California 2,510,000
2. Texas 1,090,000
3. Florida 800,000
4. New York 540,000
5. Illinois 440,000
6. New Jersey 350,000
7. Arizona 330,000
8. North Carolina 260,000
9. Georgia 220,000
10. Nevada 170,000
Other states 1,750,000
Total 8,460,000


2008
Country Population
1. California 2,850,000
2. Texas 1,680,000
3. Florida 840,000
4. New York 640,000
5. Arizona 560,000
6. Illinois 550,000
7. Georgia 460,000
8. New Jersey 400,000
9. North Carolina 380,000
10. Nevada 280,000
Other states 2,950,000
Total 11,600,000


2012
Country Population
1. California 2,820,000
2. Texas 1,830,000
3. Florida 730,000
4. New York 580,000
5. Illinois 540,000
6. New Jersey 430,000
7. Georgia 400,000
8. North Carolina 360,000
9. Arizona 350,000
10. Washington 270,000
Other states 3,110,000
Total 11,430,000


2016
Country Population
1. California 2,200,000
2. Texas 1,600,000
3. Florida 775,000
4. New York 725,000
5. New Jersey 475,000
6. Georgia 400,000
6. Illinois 400,000
8. North Carolina 325,000
9. Arizona 275,000
9. Maryland 275,000
9. Virginia 275,000
Other states 2,975,000
Total 10,700,000




Sources:

1. Bryan Baker and Nancy Rytina, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012," dhs.gov, Mar. 2013

2. Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Christopher Campbell, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2005, " Aug. 2006

3. Jeffrey S. Passel and D'Vera Cohn, "U.S. Unauthorized Immigrant Total Dips to Lowest Level in a Decade," pewhispanic.org, Nov. 27, 2018



III. Top 25 Jobs Held (2016) by Undocumented Immigrants


Top 25 Jobs Held by Undocumented Immigrants, 2016
sorted by % of undocumented workers in the total workforce
Top 25 Jobs # of Undocumented
Immigrant Workers
Total # of All
Workers
% of Undocumented
Workers in Total
Work Force
1. Roofers 70,000 230,000 31%
2. Drywall installers, ceiling & tile installers & tapers 45,000 160,000 30%
3. Misc. agricultural workers 250,000 920,000 27%
4. Carpet, floor, & tile installers & finishers 50,000 180,000 27%
4. Painters, construction & maintenance 170,000 630,000 27%
4. Maids & housekeeping cleaners 425,000 1,760,000 24%
7. Brickmasons, blockmasons, & stonemasons 40,000 160,000 24%
7. Sewing machine operators 45,000 200,000 22%
9. Construction laborers 425,000 2,020,000 21%
10. Laundry & dry cleaning workers 40,000 210,000 20%
11. Packaging & filling machine operators & tenders 60,000 300,000 19%
12. Packers and packagers, hand 110,000 560,000 19%
12. Ground maintenance workers 300,000 1,540,000 19%
12. Dishwashers 65,000 400,000 17%
15. Carpenters 220,000 1,320,000 16%
16. Butchers & other meat, poultry, & fish processing workers 45,000 290,000 16%
16. Food cooking machine operators & tenders 25,000 160,000 15%
18. Bakers 40,000 250,000 15%
18. Cooks 400,000 2,640,000 15%
18. Cleaners of vehicles & equipment 55,000 430,000 13%
21. Painting workers 20,000 150,000 12%
22. Dining room & cafeteria attendants & bartender helpers 45,000 390,000 12%
22. Chefs & head cooks 55,000 480,000 11%
24. Automotive body & related repairers 15,000 140,000 10%
25. Janitors & building cleaners 275,000 2,770,000 10%
25. Food preparation workers 110,000 1,160,000 10%
25. Supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, & groundskeeping workers 15,000 170,000 10%
Total civilian labor force (with an occupation) 7,700,000 161,420,000 5%
Top 25 Occupations # of Undocumented
Immigrant Workers
Total # of All
Workers
% of Undocumented
Workers in Total
Work Force

Sources:

Jeffrey S. Passel and D'Vera Cohn, "U.S. Unauthorized Immigrant Total Dips to Lowest Level in a Decade," pewhispanic.org, Nov. 27, 2018

Roundicons, "Services," flaticon.com (accessed Jan. 28, 2019)


IV. Distribution by Age and Gender (2012) of Undocumented Immigrants
Distribution by Age and Gender, 2012


Distribution by Age and Gender, 2012
Age Male Female Total
(both genders)
Percent of
Age Group
under 18 years 580,000 530,000 1,120,000 10%
18-24 years 880,000 540,000 1,410,000 12%
25-34 years 2,050,000 1,600,000 3,660,000 32%
35-44 years 1,750,000 1,570,000 3,320,000 29%
45-54 years 650,000 750,000 1,400,000 12%
55 years and over 190,000 330,000 520,000 5%
Total (all ages) 6,100,000 5,330,000 11,430,000 100%
Percent of
Gender Group
53% 47% 100%

Sources:

1. Bryan Baker and Nancy Rytina, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012," dhs.gov, Mar. 2013