Did You Know?
- As of 2014, the population of immigrants in the United States illegally was estimated to be approximately 11.3 million, roughly 3.5% of the total US population.
- The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) deported more than 235,413 unauthorized immigrants in 2008, compared to more than 186,600 in 2006, a 26% increase.
- 59% of the population of undocumented immigrants in 2012 was from Mexico; 16% from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Ecuador; 10% from India, Korea, China, the Philippines, and Vietnam and 15% were from all other countries.
- The 1790 Alien Naturalization Act, passed by the US government on Mar. 26, 1790, was the nation's first federal legislation regarding US citizenship rules. The law limited naturalization to immigrants who were 'free white persons,' omitting indentured servants, slaves, and most women.
- As of 2012, California had 25% of the total population of immigrants in the country illegally. Texas had 16%, Florida 6%, New York 5%, and Illinois 5%.
- 2008 population studies indicated that 40% of all US brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons were immigrants in the United States illegally, as were 31% of roofers, 28% of dishwashers, and 21% of parking lot attendants.
- Being an immigrant with an expired visa or residency permit inside the US is a civil offense, while entering illegally or smuggling immigrants across the borders could be classified as a misdemeanor, a felony, or even as a capital crime.
- The first major US immigration curtailment was the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Immigration Act which suspended the admission of Chinese laborers into the United States for 10 years.
- In 2015, 40,035 unaccompanied immigrant children, mostly from Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras, were apprehended at the border, down from 68,631 in 2014.
- Approximately 295,000 babies were born in 2013 to undocumented immigrants, or 8% of the 3.9 million births in the United States that year, according to Pew Research Center.
- At least 12 states and Washington, DC issue driver’s licenses to undocumented immigrants.
- Undocumented immigrants pay an estimated $11.64 billion in local and state taxes, according to the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy.
- On May 13, 2015, US Customs and Border Protection officials reported that the total cost to build the 652.6 miles of border fencing is approximately $2.3 billion.