- Former U.S. House Representative (D - KY)
- Pro to the question "Should the Government Allow Immigrants Who Are Here Illegally to Become US Citizens?"
“The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act – IRCA, or the Simpson-Mazzoli bill – is referred to frequently in today’s high-decibel immigration debates – and rarely affectionately. As co-authors of that legislation, we think honest perspective is in order… We quickly realized that if immigration reform was to work and be fair it had to be a ‘three-legged stool.’ If one leg failed, so would the entire bill. ‘Leg one’ was improved security against illegal crossings at the border with Mexico… For the first time in U. S. history, we imposed penalties on employers who knowingly hired undocumented workers. ‘Leg two’ was the H-2A temporary worker program for agricultural workers. ‘Leg three’ was what we called ‘legalization.’ We would allow some, but not all, undocumented aliens then living and working here to regularize their unlawful status and begin the long process to earn temporary residency and, eventually, if they chose to continue, to earn permanent residency and citizenship.
Since illegal immigration continues nearly unabated today, legitimate questions can be raised about the effectiveness of IRCA. Although we do have pride of authorship, we also believe that the shortcomings of the act are not due to design failure but rather to the failure of both Democratic and Republican administrations since 1986 to execute the law properly. From 1981, when our bill was introduced, to 1986, when it became law, we were aided by the expertise of hundreds of policy experts, scholars and advocates. Our comprehensive bill was crafted to curtail illegal immigration, to provide personnel for labor-scarce markets and to give the most worthy of our illegal population a chance to earn legal status. The foundation of IRCA was enforcement and border security, but to work, it required consistent funding… After two decades, the system is still not in place… We believe that our three-legged-stool approach is still relevant and workable if carried out vigorously.”
“Enacting Immigration Reform, Again,” Washington Post, Sep. 15, 2006
- Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Individuals with advanced degrees in fields relevant to immigration. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to immigration.
- Involvement and Affiliations:
- Fellow, Institute of Politics, Harvard University, 2002
- Oldest Harvard University student at the age of 70 for a Masters in Public Administration, 2002
- Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law, University of Louisville Law School, 1995
- U.S. House Representative (D – KY), 1971-1995
- Chairman of the House of Representatives’ Immigration, International Law and Refugees Subcommittee, 1980-1993
- Co-sponsor of the Simpson-Mazzoli Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (S.1200)
- Congressional Member, Small Business, Intelligence and District of Columbia Committees
- U.S. Senator (D – KY), 1968-1970
- Former Director of Caritas Health Services, and the Caritas Foundation
- Former Chairman of the Catholic Education Foundation
- Federal Building in Louisville, Kentucky, named after him
- Former Treasurer of the University of Louisville Foundation
- Former President of the University of Louisville Alumni Association
- JD, University of Notre Dame, Law School, 1960
- BA, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, 1954
- None found