Demographics of Immigrants in the United States Illegally
Countries of Origin, States of Residence, Age, Gender, and Jobs Held 2000-2012


I. Introduction
II. Top 10 Countries of Origin, 2000-2012
III. Top 10 States of Residence, 2000-2012
IV. Distribution by Age and Gender, 2012
V. Top 20 Jobs Held, 2008

I. Introduction
Farm Workers near Bakersfield, California
Farm Workers near Bakersfield, California
Source: Victor Davis Hanson, "Incoherent Immigration Reform," nationalreview.com, Feb. 7, 2013.
Who are the immigrants in the United States illegally? Where do they come from? In which states do they settle? What jobs do they hold?

As of 2012, the population of immigrants in the United States illegally is estimated to be approximately 11.43 million, roughly 3.7% of the entire US population. 59% of the immigrants in the country illegally are from Mexico, and 25% of all immigrants in the country illegally reside in California. 53% of the immigrants in the United States illegally are male. In 2008, approximately 31% of workers in the roofing industry and 27% of maids/housekeepers were immigrants living in the country illegally.

The demographic statistics below are based on estimates created by the US Department of Homeland Security, the US Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the Pew Hispanic Research Center.


II. Top 10 Countries of Origin (2000-2012) of Immigrants Living in the United States Illegally
Top 10 Countries of Origin, 2000-2012


Top 10 Countries of Origin, 2000-2012
2000
Country Population
1. Mexico 4,680,000
2. El Salvador 430,000
3. Guatemala 290,000
4. Philippines 200,000
5. China 190,000
6. Korea 180,000
7. Honduras 160,000
8. India 120,000
9. Ecuador 110,000
10. Brazil 100,000
All Countries 8,460,000


2005*
Country Population
1. Mexico 5,970,000
2. El Salvador 470,000
3. Guatemala 370,000
4. India 280,000
5. China 230,000
6. Philippines 210,000
7. Korea 210,000
8. Honduras 180,000
9. Brazil 170,000
10. Vietnam 160,000
All Countries 10,500,000


2008
Country Population
1. Mexico 7,030,000
2. El Salvador 570,000
3. Guatemala 430,000
4. Philippines 300,000
5. Honduras 300,000
6. Korea 240,000
7. China 220,000
8. Brazil 180,000
9. Ecuador 170,000
10. India 160,000
All Countries 11,600,000


2012
Country Population
1. Mexico 6,720,000
2. El Salvador 690,000
3. Guatemala 560,000
4. Honduras 360,000
5. Philippines 310,000
6. India 260,000
7. Korea 230,000
8. China 210,000
9. Ecuador 170,000
10. Vietnam 160,000
All Countries 11,430,000




Sources and Notes:

Sources:

1. Bryan Baker and Nancy Rytina, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012" Mar. 2013

2. Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Bryan C. Baker, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008" Feb. 2009

3. Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Christopher Campbell, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2005", Aug. 2006

Notes:

*Estimates were not developed by the United States Department of Homeland Security in 2004, so we used their 2005 estimates.

**Supplemental documents of unauthorized immigrant populations from 1990-2000, released by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS): "Illegal Alien Resident Population" Dec. 2001


III. Top 10 States of Residence (2000-2012) of Immigrants Living in the United States Illegally
Top 10 States of Residence, 2000-2012


Top 10 States of Residence, 2000-2012
2000
Country Population
1. California 2,510,000
2. Texas 1,090,000
3. Florida 800,000
4. New York 540,000
5. Illinois 440,000
6. New Jersey 350,000
7. Arizona 330,000
8. North Carolina 260,000
9. Georgia 220,000
10. Nevada 170,000
40 other states 1,750,000
Total 8,460,000


2005*
Country Population
1. California 2,770,000
2. Texas 1,360,000
3. Florida 850,000
4. New York 560,000
5. Illinois 520,000
6. Arizona 480,000
7. Georgia 470,000
8. New Jersey 380,000
9. North Carolina 360,000
10. Nevada 240,000
40 other states 2,510,000
Total 10,500,000


2008
Country Population
1. California 2,850,000
2. Texas 1,680,000
3. Florida 840,000
4. New York 640,000
5. Arizona 560,000
6. Illinois 550,000
7. Georgia 460,000
8. New Jersey 400,000
9. North Carolina 380,000
10. Nevada 280,000
40 other states 2,950,000
Total 11,600,000


2012
Country Population
1. California 2,820,000
2. Texas 1,830,000
3. Florida 730,000
4. New York 580,000
5. Illinois 540,000
6. New Jersey 430,000
7. Georgia 400,000
8. North Carolina 360,000
9. Arizona 350,000
10. Washington 270,000
40 other states 3,110,000
Total 11,430,000




Sources and notes:

Sources:

1. Bryan Baker and Nancy Rytina, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2012" Mar. 2013

2. Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Bryan C. Baker, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2008" Feb. 2009

3. Michael Hoefer, Nancy Rytina, and Christopher Campbell, "Estimates of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population Residing in the United States: January 2005" (Aug. 2006

Notes:

*Estimates were not developed by the United States Department of Homeland Security in 2004, so we used their 2005 estimates.

**Supplemental documents of unauthorized immigrant populations from 1990-2000, released by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS): "Illegal Alien Resident Population" Dec. 2001


IV. Distribution by Age and Gender (2012) of Immigrants Living in the United States Illegally
Distribution by Age and Gender, 2012


Distribution by Age and Gender, 2012
Age Male Female Total
(both genders)
Percent of
Age Group
under 18 years 580,000 530,000 1,120,000 10%
18-24 years 880,000 540,000 1,410,000 12%
25-34 years 2,050,000 1,600,000 3,660,000 32%
35-44 years 1,750,000 1,570,000 3,320,000 29%
45-54 years 650,000 750,000 1,400,000 12%
55 years and over 190,000 330,000 520,000 5%
Total (all ages) 6,100,000 5,330,000 11,430,000 100%
Percent of
Gender Group
53% 47% 100%


IV. Top 20 Jobs Held (2008) by Immigrants Living in the United States Illegally
Top 20 Jobs Held, 2008


Top 20 Jobs Held, 2008
Top 20 Occupations* # of Immigrant
Workers in the US
Illegally
Total # of All
Workers
% of Immigrants
in the US Illegally
in Total Work Force
1. Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons 131,000 325,000 40%
2. Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers and tapers 94,000 255,000 37%
3. Roofers 76,000 246,000 31%
4. Miscellaneous agricultural workers 269,000 910,000 30%
5. Helpers, construction trades 52,000 184,000 28%
6. Dishwashers 101,000 364,000 28%
7. Construction laborers 556,000 2,055,000 27%
8. Maids and housekeepers 417,000 1,555,000 27%
9. Cement Masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers 29,000 109,000 27%
10. Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders 96,000 369,000 26%
11. Grounds maintenance workers 356,000 1,413,000 25%
12. Packers and packagers, hand 119,000 504,000 24%
13. Butchers, poultry and fish processing workers 71,000 305,000 23%
14. Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers 68,000 306,000 22%
15. Painters, construction and maintenance 173,000 791,000 22%
16. Parking lot attendants 21,000 100,000 21%
17. Chefs and head cooks 75,000 377,000 20%
18. Sewing machine operators 49,000 248,000 20%
19. Refuse and recyclable material collectors 22,000 112,000 19%
20. Cooks 427,000 2,219,000 19%
Other "unauthorized" occupations** 3,120,000 34,979,000 9%
All other occupations 1,928,000 106,407,000 2%
Total, Civilian Labor Force (with an occupation) 8,258,000 154,135,000 5%
Top 20 Occupations* # of Immigrant
Workers in the US
Illegally
Total # of All
Workers
% of Immigrants
in the US Illegally
in Total Work Force
,

Sources and notes:

Sources:

1. D'Vera Cohn and Jeffrey S. Passel,"Pew Hispanic Center Research Report: A Portrait of Unauthorized Immigrants in the United States," (1.82MB), Apr. 14, 2009

2. Jeffrey S. Passel, "Pew Hispanic Center Research Report: The Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S.: Estimates Based on the March 2005 Current Population Survey," Mar. 7, 2006

Notes:

*Occupations included in the Top 20 Occupations with High Shares of Immigrants in the United States Illegally table have at least 100,000 workers nationally and more than three times the national share of unauthorized immigrant workers.

**"Unauthorized" occupations have a higher percentage of workers who are unauthorized immigrants than the national average but do not qualify for a separate listing.