Does illegal immigration relate to higher crime incidence?
The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), in a Mar. 2007 website article entitled "Illegal Aliens and Crime Incidence," offered the following:
Americans equate illegal aliens with a higher incidence of crime... in
fact, data show that the American public understands the facts better
than the academics. Adult illegal aliens represented 3.1 percent of the
total adult population of the country in 2003. By comparison, the
illegal alien prison population represented a bit more than 4.54
percent of the overall prison population. Therefore, deportable
criminal aliens were more than half again as likely to be incarcerated
as their share of the population.
Their presence in the United
States is based on their either illegally entering the country or
entering under false pretenses. Those who sneak into the country
undergo no form of screening for criminality or any other grounds for
exclusion... illegal aliens... end up being co-opted into criminal
Deborah Schurman-Kauflin, PhD, Criminal Profiler and Founder of the Violent Crimes Institute, in a 2006 article entitled "The Dark Side of Illegal Immigration: Nearly One Million Sex Crimes Committed by Illegal Immigrants in the United States," wrote:
"After conducting a 12 month in-depth study of
illegal immigrants who committed sex crimes and murders for the
time period of January 1999 through April 2006 , it is clear that
the U.S. public faces a dangerous threat from sex predators who
cross the U.S. borders illegally... Offenders were located in 36
states, but it is clear, that the most of the offenders were
located in states with the highest numbers of illegal
immigrants who commit sex crimes first cross the U.S. border
illegally... There is a clear pattern of criminal escalation. From
misdemeanors such as assault or DUI, to drug offenses, illegal
immigrants who commit sex crimes break U.S. laws repeatedly... Their
attacks are particularly brutal, and they use a hands-on method of
controlling and/or killing their victims."
Jim Kouri, MA, Vice-president of the National Association of Chiefs of Police, in an Aug. 4, 2005 American Chronicle article entitled "Illegal Alien Crime Wave in Full Swing," wrote:
"Complex problems are associated
with illegal aliens who commit crimes... aliens do not confine their
criminal activities to border cities. Communities throughout this
country are experiencing increasing alien involvement in drug
importation and distribution, weapons smuggling, and violence against
persons and property. The escalation in alien crime has placed added
demands on state and local law enforcement personnel.
[2005 U.S. Justice Department] population study of 55,322 illegal
aliens, researchers found that they were arrested at least a total of
459,614 times, averaging about 8 arrests per illegal alien."
The Family Security Matters, an online national security advocacy group, in a Feb. 16, 2007 website article entitled "Illegal Aliens Kill More Americans Than Iraq War," stated:
charged with unlawful reentry had the most extensive criminal
histories. 90% had been previously arrested. Of those with a prior
arrest, 50% had been arrested for violent or drug-related felonies. All
of these crimes would have never happened, i.e. they were preventable,
has [sic] we had a serious program of deportation of the illegal aliens
already here and proper border security to prevent both entry and
re-entry... To get the full extent of the collateral damage, we need to
apply the average number of offenses across all 267,000 currently
incarcerated illegal alien criminals. Doing so results in 1,288,619
Don't let the mainstream media and illegal alien
advocates tell you that illegal immigration is a 'victimless crime' and
that they are here only to do the work Americans don't want to do.
Since each crime has a victim, 1,288,619 sounds like a lot of
victimization to us. Also keep in mind that the 1,288,619 crimes are
only the ones committed by the hard core illegal alien criminals who
were finally caught and incarcerated. The ones not caught and the new
criminals crossing daily are committing more crime each and every day."
William F. McDonald, PhD, Professor of Sociology and Anthropology and Co-Director of the Institute of Criminal Law and Procedure at Georgetown University Law Center, in a July 12, 2006 testimony in front of the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary hearing entitled "Examining the Need for Comprehensive Immigration Reform, Part II," stated:
"[...] The criminality of the first generation
of immigrants (those who migrated as opposed to their children) is
less than that of the native-born. There have been many studies in
the United States and abroad that have addressed the question of
the criminality of immigrants
there is little reason to believe that the findings would be
substantially different for illegal immigrants assuming data were
available that would allow us to make the necessary statistical
controls for age, sex, economic status and immigrant status. Public
fears about immigrant criminality have usually not been born out by
Seth Abramson, JD, Staff Attorney at the New Hampshire Public Defender, in an Apr. 10, 2006 The Suburban Ecstasies blog article entitled "Newsflash: Illegal Immigrants Are Not Criminals Merely By Virtue of Their Presence in This Country," wrote:
"If I had to
estimate from my own experiences with more than a thousand clients in
New Hampshire, I'd guess that illegal immigrants commit all other
offenses, particularly criminal offenses, at a rate lower than white
citizens do, at least in New Hampshire; moreover, they are marginally
more likely than my white clients to be employed."
Ruben G. Rumbaut, PhD, Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine, and Walter A. Ewing, PhD, Research Associate at the Immigration Policy Center of the American Immigration Law Foundation (AILF), in a Spring 2007 Immigration Policy Center report entitled "The Myth of Immigrant Criminality and the Paradox of Assimilation: Incarceration Rates among Native and Foreign-Born Men," concluded that:
many immigrants to the United States, especially Mexicans and Central
Americans, are young men who arrive with very low levels of formal
education, popular stereotypes tend to associate them with higher rates
of crime and incarceration. The fact that many of these immigrants
enter the country through unauthorized channels or overstay their visas
often is framed as an assault against the 'rule of law,' thereby
reinforcing the impression that immigration and criminality are linked.
This association has flourished in a post-9/11 climate of fear and
ignorance where terrorism and undocumented immigration often are
mentioned in the same breath.
However, data from the census and other sources show that for every
ethnic group without exception, incarceration rates among young men are
lowest for immigrants, even those who are the least educated. This
holds true especially for the Mexicans, Salvadorans, and Guatemalans
who make up the bulk of the undocumented population. The problem of
crime in the United States is not 'caused' or even aggravated by
immigrants, regardless of their legal status. But the misperception
that the opposite is true persists among policymakers, the media, and
the general public, thereby undermining the development of reasoned
public responses to both crime and immigration."
John Hagan, PhD, Professor of Sociology and Law at Northwestern University, and Alberto Palloni, PhD, Professor of Sociology at the University of Wisconsin, in a Nov. 1999 Social Problems essay entitled "Sociological Criminology and the Mythology of Hispanic Immigration and Crime," concluded that:
"Our sociological knowledge of crime is fragmented and ineffective in challenging and correcting mistaken public perceptions, for example, linking immigration and crime. These misperceptions are perpetuated by government reports of growing numbers of Hispanic immigrants in U.S. prisons...
[I]t is estimated that the involvement of Hispanic immigrants in crime is less than that of citizens. These results cast doubt on the hypothesis that immigration causes crime and make more transparent the immigration and criminal justice policies that inflate the rate of Hispanic incarceration."