Last updated on: 6/2/2016 8:59:01 AM PST
Should the United States Continue to Build a Fence or Wall along the US/Mexico Border?
Daniel Horowitz, Senior Editor of Conservative Review, in an Aug. 25, 2015 article, "The Case for the Border Fence," available at the Conservative Review website, stated:
"Nowhere is the case for the double-layered security-style fence more compelling than with the Israel security fence. Between 2000 and 2005, suicide bombers infiltrated Israel almost on a daily basis. Over 1,000 Israelis were killed and countless thousands wounded – the equivalent of 42,000 fatalities and hundreds of thousands wounded in America if extrapolated from the population size. The situation was desperate….until they built their security fence. After construction of the fence, a double-layer barrier with a security zone in the middle – similar to the San Diego fence, suicide attacks perpetrated by Arab terrorists declined by well over 90%...
It has been said that no fence can stop the determination of illegal immigrants seeking job prospects or drug running and human trafficking opportunities. But nobody is more determined than Hamas terrorists willing to die for their cause of killing Jews. While nothing is full-proof, the double-layered security barrier stopped the terrorists; it will stop illegal immigration."
Aug. 25, 2015 - Daniel Horowitz
Duncan D. Hunter, US Representative (R-CA), in a July 5, 2014 article, "Duncan D. Hunter: Fence Is Right Fix for Nation’s Border Problems," available at the San Diego Union Tribune website, stated:
"One of San Diego’s greatest assets is the double-layered border fence that extends inland from the Pacific Ocean. Fencing and infrastructure alone are by no means enough to stop illegal crossings, but the presence of physical impediments at the border, when supported by manpower and technology, create barriers that make entry increasingly more difficult and sometimes impossible…
[O]n land, infrastructure is a force multiplier. Fewer agents are needed in fenced areas than unfenced sections of the border. With the addition of cameras and sensors, border agents are not only better protected, but also more effective…
Either the mandates of the Secure Fence Act should be reinstated, which I have proposed, or the Obama administration should utilize existing authority to finish the job that the Bush Administration halfheartedly started. Either way, this is one initiative that, after almost 10 years since the Secure Fence Act was enacted, needs to be completed — the way it was intended."
July 5, 2014 - Duncan Hunter, JD
Donald Trump, 2016 presidential candidate, in a statement, "Immigration Reform That Will Make America Great Again," available on Trump's 2016 presidential campaign website, accessed on May 3, 2016, stated:
"A nation without borders is not a nation. There must be a wall across the southern border… Mexico must pay for the wall and, until they do, the United States will, among other things: impound all remittance payments derived from illegal wages; increase fees on all temporary visas issued to Mexican CEOs and diplomats (and if necessary cancel them); increases fees on all border crossing cards – of which we issue about 1 million to Mexican nationals each year (a major source of visa overstays); increase fees at ports of entry to the United States from Mexico [Tarriffs and foreign aid cuts are also options]. We will not be taken advantage of anymore."
May 3, 2016 - Donald J. Trump
Pat Buchanan, MA, political commentator and former Senior Advisor to Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Ronald Reagan, in a July 8, 2014 interview with Sean Hannity as quoted in the article, "Pat Buchanan: Country That Can't Control Borders Not a Country," available at newsmax.com, stated:
"Why can’t you, given the problem we’ve got where you’re seeing tens of thousands, scores of thousands of children pouring into the country. Why cannot the government say, look, let’s get together. We do need a secure fence, a double- or triple-length fence, all along the border of the United States with Mexico. We gotta tell folks, We know how much you want to come. But we decide who comes into our national home."
July 8, 2014 - Patrick J. Buchanan, MA
Let Freedom Ring, a nonprofit, conservative organization, stated on its We Need A Fence project website (accessed Oct. 15, 2007):
"Why is a fence the right solution?
A secure, state-of-the-art border fence must be one element of any comprehensive effort to address the illegal immigration problem. Similar fences in Israel have reduced terrorist attacks by up to 95%...
A border fence is entirely compatible with a guest worker program. In fact, a guest worker program would be reduced to irrelevance without such a fence."
Oct. 15, 2007 - Let Freedom Ring
Lou Dobbs, Anchor and Managing Editor for Cable News Network (CNN)'s Lou Dobbs Tonight, stated on a Jan. 12, 2007 episode of Lou Dobbs Tonight:
"Well, it's obviously not just a fence. It is far more than that, symbolically as well, an effective deterrent. Most people think against illegal immigration and those that would cross the border with an intent to harm us, but whatever it is, it would be the principal mainstay against illegal immigration and unlawful entry into this country whether by terrorists or illegal immigrants."
Jan. 12, 2007 - Lou Dobbs
Ruben Navarrette, Jr., journalist, in a Aug. 24, 2015 article, "Just Build Trump's Stupid Wall Already," available at the Daily Beast website, stated:
"For instance, those 1,954 miles cover just about every sort of terrain you can imagine—valley, mountain, desert, river, Indian reservation, private land, state property. Ever try to build a wall on a river, or atop an Indian burial ground, or through the library of a state university? It’s tricky. And once the environmentalists and the EPA get involved, it’s nearly impossible.
Then there’s the fact that no one seems to know what it would cost. In the last six years, estimates for building a fence—which is probably much cheaper than building a wall—have ranged wildly from $1 million per mile to $15 million per mile, depending on where the fence goes. At that price, fencing for 2,000 miles would cost between $2 billion and $30 billion…
[W]alls don’t just keep people out but also pen people in. So those 11 million undocumented immigrants who are already here won’t feel so inclined to go home to Mexico for Christmas or Mother’s Day, like they used to, and where there was always a chance that some of them would stay. Now, unsure that they’d be able to return if they left, they’ll just resign themselves to putting down roots and staying on this side of the border."
Aug. 24, 2015 - Ruben Navarrette, Jr., MPA
Luis Videgray Caso, PhD, Secretary of Finance and Public Credit of Mexico, in a Mar. 3, 2016 article, "Mexico Won't Pay for Trump's Wall, Treasury Secretary Says," available at cnn.com, stated:
"To build a wall between Mexico and the United States is a terrible idea. It is an idea that is based on ignorance that has no basis in the reality of North American integration… What both countries need is better border infrastructure. Better bridges, more customs booths, more lanes."
Mar. 3, 2016 - Luis Videgaray Caso, PhD
Ramon Garcia, JD, County Judge of Hidalgo, Texas (a border county along the Rio Grande), in an Aug. 25, 2014 article, "In South Texas, Few on the Fence over Divisive Border Wall Issue," available at npr.org, stated:
"[The fence is] a joke… When you got all these 58,000 unaccompanied minors getting through there, I mean, you tell me that it's worth it, and if it's working… In order to get their product across, they basically measured the gap between the fence and started building their marijuana bundles within that gap so they could just slide through the fence. [A] border wall isn't really gonna help."
Aug. 25, 2014 - Ramon Garcia, JD
Felipe Calderón, MA, MPA, 56th President of Mexico, in a Feb. 8, 2016 CNBC interview, "Mexico Won't Pay a Cent for Trump's 'Stupid Wall,'" available at cnbc.com, stated:
"Mexican people, we are not going to pay any single cent for such a stupid wall! And it's going to be completely useless… The first loser of such a policy would be the United States. If this guy [Donald Trump] pretends that closing the borders to anywhere either for trade (or) for people is going to provide prosperity to the United States, he is completely crazy.”
[Editor's Note: In an Oct. 26, 2006 CTV (Canadian National Broadcast News) article, "Mexico Urges Canada to Help Oppose Border Fence," Calderón stated: "It is deplorable to go ahead with this decision of the wall at the border...The wall will not solve any problem.
Humanity made a huge mistake by building the Berlin Wall and I believe that today the United States is committing a grave error in building the wall on our border. It is much more useful to solve common problems and foster prosperity in both countries."]
Feb. 8, 2016 - Felipe Calderón, MPA
Rick Perry, the Republican Governor of Texas, was quoted in an Aug. 28, 2007 Reuters article titled "Texas Gov Says U.S. Needs Migrants, Not Border Wall":
"We need those individuals to continue to grow our economy...
If you show up illegally, without your card or you're here as a criminal element, I'm for throwing the book at those folks, but the issue of people who want to legally, thoughtfully and appropriately come to America to work and help us build our economy -- we should quickly come up with a program and an identification card to do that...
We know how to deal with border security, and you don't do it by building a fence."
Aug. 28, 2007 - Rick Perry
No Border Wall, a grassroots organization, stated on its homepage (accessed Oct. 15, 2007):
"NO BORDER WALL is a grassroots coalition of groups and individuals united in our belief that a border wall will not stop illegal immigration or smuggling and will not make the United States any safer. A border wall tells the world that we are a fearful nation, not a strong and confident nation, and that we are unable to address difficult issues in an intelligent and meaningful way. It will do irreparable harm to our borderlands and our country as a whole. Many of us live on the border, and we know what will be lost if a wall tears through our communities, farms, and natural areas."
Oct. 15, 2007 - No Border Wall
Jason Ackleson, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Department of Government at New Mexico State University in Las Cruces, in an Apr. 2005 Immigration Policy in Focus article titled "Fencing in Failure: Effective Border Control Is Not Achieved by Building More Fences," stated:
"Short of constructing a wall along the country’s entire southern and northern frontiers, it is unlikely these measures [additional fencing and additional Border Patrol agents] will do anything to substantially reduce the flows of undocumented immigrants into the United States. Even if such a wall were built – which would itself be a counterproductive development – it would do nothing to deal with the fact that up to half of the undocumented immigrants in the United States came legally and simply have overstayed the conditions of their admittance.
Furthermore, the cost of such a fence along the entire U.S.-Mexico border, if based roughly on the cost of the California fence ($4.64 million/mile), would be outrageous – about $9 billion, which is approximately $2.5 billion more than CBP’s [U.S. Customs and Border Protection] total budget in FY 2005... Ironically, another obvious shortcoming of the border fence was illustrated just as the debate on this issue made the national press: Mexican authorities located an incomplete tunnel underneath the fence."
Apr. 2005 - Jason Ackleson, PhD